Digitalize GSM based Forest fire alert system major project for ECE

Digitalize GSM based Forest fire alert system | major project for ECE

Arduino Projects Electronics projects Embedded Projects GSM Projects

Introduction

Hey guys, Welcome back to Techatronic. Today we are going to share a very interesting major project for ECE.

 all the students in their final year searching for their major project. and there a lot of students confused in to decide the project.

we are introducing a new project which we both have made with 100% accuracy. and we are going to share everything with you guys.

and if you will be stuck anywhere we will also guide you. we called it Digitalize GSM-based Forest fire alert system. So, before start the project you must check gsm based fire alarm project.

Digitalize GSM based Forest fire alert system major project for ECE

For electronics, electrical and electronics, and electronic and communication, the project can be used. 

GSM based project is one of the best projects in the major project. because you learned a lot to make this project.

  • Many protocols and coding you will learn in this project. There was a project made on agriculture which was also a gsm based project in that project
  • if electricity comes then the man can control the water pump from anywhere which became famous. and now we make this awesome major project for electronic and communication for forest fire security system.

What is Digitalize GSM-based Forest fire alert system:-

  • This project is made by us and we name it. this is project is very interesting and simple. in this project there we use a flame sensor that will detect the fire near it.
  • according to this situation, the whole system will respond. if it detects the fire it will notify the Arduino( Arduino used here as the brain all the decision according to the condition will make by the Arduino) .
  • after getting the notification from the flame sensor the Arduino will start to communicate with the gsm module sim 900 and given instruction to send a message on the phone number which stored in a database.

Digitalize GSM-based Forest fire alert system major project for ECE Working:-

  • Arduino uses serial communication to give instruction to the gsm.
  • GSM module has a sim slot where we insert a sim. only 2G sim can work with the module.
  • in the final year project ece you need to mention all the detail about your project.
  • so you need to know all the detail. we are sharing all the details. you need to read carefully to make and understand this major project for ece.
  • When the flame sensor detects anything it will notify the Arduino and Arduino send an instruction to the sim900 gsm module to send a message to the given number.
  • now, I got a message ” fire alert” now I will send a message to the water pump which will control the fire at the spot. and wait for the next message.
  • if I didn’t get any message it means the water pump controls the fire and then I will send a message to turn off the pump.
  • and if the water pump is not successful to control the fire then it will send a message to my number again for fire alert.
  • The working is very simple and the working principle is to turn on and off the system and monitoring via gsm message. 
  • You need to send the message only via your mobile phone in the response to the message received.

if you are looking for a final year project for electronics and communication this could be the best project and you can easily make this project now. I think all the work you got. There is a components list given below to make this project.

Components required:-

  • Arduino Uno
  • GSM sim900 Module
  • 12V 2 amp DC Supply
  • Arduino cable
  • LED
  • Flame sensor
  • Water Pump
  • 16*2 LCD
  • I2C Module
  • 5V single channel relay
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper wire

Components table/buy link

You can buy the whole components from the given link we have to share the amazon link. from where you can get a good discount on the components.

S.NoComponent RequiredQuantityBuy Link
1.Arduino UNO1https://amzn.to/3ue2vmh
2.Arduino UNO Cable1https://amzn.to/3obXjht
3GSM SIM 900 Module1https://amzn.to/3uG0WNZ
4.12V 2 Amp Adaptor1https://amzn.to/3uAWWy5
5.Flame Sensor1https://amzn.to/3kZsyKO
6.16*2 LCD Display1https://amzn.to/3D8Jyoi
7.I2C Module1https://amzn.to/3uyK9MF
8.5 V Single Channel Relay1https://amzn.to/2Y035I4
9.DC Water Pump1https://amzn.to/3a5YDKR
10.AC Water Pump1https://amzn.to/3mlJeLU
11.Jumper Wire40https://amzn.to/39q43jr
12.Breadboard1https://amzn.to/39vsRX2
13.LED3https://amzn.to/3AQbzzY
14.220-ohm Resistor3https://amzn.to/3oioZkQ

Now we are going to share the

circuit diagram for the project:-

fire alert project circuit diagram

Connection Table

Arduino UNOGSM SIM 900 Module
D 11 PinRX
D 10 PinTX
GNDGND
12 Volt 2 Amp AdaptorGSM SIM 900 Module
Power ConnectConnect
16*2 LCD DisplayI2C Module
16 Pin-connected16 Pin-connected
Arduino UNOFlame Sensor
( +5V )VCC
GNDGND
D4 PinDO Pin
Arduino UNO5V Single Channel Relay Module
( +5V )VCC
GNDGND
D4 PinIN1 Input
Arduino UNODC Water Pump5V Single Channel Relay Module
  Normally Open
( +5V ) Common
 Terminal 1Normally Closed
GNDTerminal 2 
ArduinoLED BLED GLED R220 Ohm Resistor
7 PinAnode Pin   
6 Pin Anode Pin  
5 Pin  Anode Pin 
 Cathode PinCathode PinCathode PinTerminal 1
GND   Terminal 2
For AC Water PUMP
Arduino UNOAC Water Pump5V Single Channel Relay Module
  Normally Open
Phase Common
 Terminal 1Normally Closed
NeutralTerminal 2 
  • Notes:-
  • Switch off the power supply during connections.
  • Use 12v, 2amp power supply for gsm
  • Common both ground gsm and Arduino
  • Use 2G sim for the network

if you still have a problem with the circuit you can ask us in the comment section.

AT Commands:-

Command
Description
AT+CSMS
To Select message service
AT+CPMS
To Preferred message storage
AT+CMGF
select Message format
AT+CSCA
Service center address
AT+CSMP
Set text mode parameters in sim
AT+CSDH
To Show text mode parameters in Sim
AT+CSCB
Select cell broadcast message types
AT+CSAS
Save settings in the gsm module
AT+CRES
Restore all settings
AT+CNMI
Message indications to TE
AT+CMGL
To make the list of messages
AT+CMGR
Read new message
AT+CMGS
Send a new message
AT+CMSS
Send message from sim storage
AT+CMGW
Write a message to gsm memory
AT+CMGD
Delete message

Digitalize GSM-based Forest fire alert system major project for ECE code:-

#include <Wire.h>
#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27,16,2);
int val = 0 ;
int temp=0,i=0;
int led=7; // SMS indicator LED
char str[15];
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(9600);
lcd.init();
lcd.backlight();
pinMode(4,INPUT); // Flame Sensor
pinMode(led, OUTPUT); // SMS Indicator led
pinMode(6,OUTPUT); // Led For Sensor
pinMode(5,OUTPUT); // Led For PUMP
pinMode(9,OUTPUT); // RELAY PIN
lcd.clear();
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(" Innovation ");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(" Digitalized ");
delay(2000);
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(" Forest Fire ");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(" Management syt.. ");
delay(2000);
Serial.println("AT+CNMI=2,2,0,0,0");
delay(500);
Serial.println("AT+CMGF=1");
delay(1000);
}
void loop()
{
if(temp==1)
{
check();
temp=0;
i=0;
delay(1000);
}
val = digitalRead(4); // pir sensor output pin connected
Serial.println(val); // see the value in serial mpnitor in Arduino IDE
delay(100);
if(val == 0 )
{
Serial.print("\r");
delay(1000);
Serial.print("AT+CMGF=1\r");
digitalWrite( 6,HIGH);
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print("Fire Alert On A ");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print("Side Of Forest ");
delay(1000);
/Replace XXXXXXXXXX to 10 digit mobile number & ZZ to 2 digit country code/
Serial.print("AT+CMGS=\"+9170000000000\"\r"); // write Your Mobile no
delay(1000);
//The text of the message to be sent.
Serial.print("Fire Alert On A Side Of Forest ");
delay(1000);
Serial.write(0x1A);
}
else
{
digitalWrite(6,LOW); // led
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(" FIRE NOT ");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(" DETECTED ");
}
}
void serialEvent()
{
while(Serial.available())
{
if(Serial.find("#A."))
{
digitalWrite(led, HIGH);
delay(1000);
digitalWrite(led, LOW);
while (Serial.available())
{
char inChar=Serial.read();
str[i++]=inChar;
if(inChar=='*')
{
temp=1;
return;
}
}
}
}
}
void check()
{
if(!(strncmp(str,"pump on",7)))
{
digitalWrite( 9,HIGH);
digitalWrite( 5,HIGH);
Serial.print("\r");
delay(1000);
Serial.print("AT+CMGF=1\r");
delay(1000);
Serial.print("AT+CMGS=\"+91700000000\"\r"); // write Your Mobile no
delay(1000);
Serial.print(" PUMP IS ON DONT WORRY ");
delay(1000);
Serial.write(0x1A);
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(" PUMP ON ");
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(" ");
delay(200);
}
if(!(strncmp(str,"pump off",8)))
{
digitalWrite( 9,LOW);
digitalWrite( 5,LOW);
lcd.setCursor(0,0);
lcd.print(" PUMP OFF ");
Serial.print("\r");
delay(1000);
Serial.print("AT+CMGF=1\r");
delay(1000);
Serial.print("AT+CMGS=\"+917000000000\"\r"); // write Your Mobile no
delay(1000);
Serial.print(" PUMP IS OFF DONT WORRY ");
delay(1000);
Serial.write(0x1A);
}
}

notes:- To turn on the motor send “#A.pump on*”

To turn off the motor send “#A.pump off*”

Upload code in Arduino with the help of Arduino IDE software.

Working

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