Arduino Based Home Security System Using PIR Sensor

Hey geeks, welcome back to Techatronic. In this article, we are going to learn how to make an Arduino-based Home security system using a PIR motion sensor. The security of the home is one of the major problems that everyone facing at the present time. There are some gadgets available in the market that help a lot to secure your house but some of them are not pocket-friendly and also need maintenance at regular intervals. If you like this project, please check more cool projects based on Arduino. For making this home security system we use an Arduino UNO and a PIR motion sensor. You can check out our Fingerprint door lock system using Arduino. Do you know how a PIR sensor works with Arduino, if not please check it out first? Also, read our E-book on Arduino to make 10+ projects with well-labeled circuit diagrams. Complete the circuit and upload the given code to use the security system.

How Does the Security System work?

A Passive Infrared Sensor is used to detect the motion of the object that moves in or out of the sensor’s range. It comes with two trim pots for adjusting the sensitivity and the delay time. You can adjust them according to usage. When the sensor detects someone’s movement in its range then HIGH output is generated otherwise LOW output is generated. You can also observe the real-time readings on the Arduino serial monitor as shown below. When the HIGH output is received by Arduino then the LED will turn on and an AC bulb is also turn on. We use a Relay module here for turning the AC bulb on and off. While working with AC load please take necessary precautions.

Components Required

  • Arduino UNO
  • USB cable for the project
  • PIR motion sensor
  • Jumper wires
  • LED and a 220-ohm resistor
  • Relay module
  • AC power supply
  • AC bulb

Circuit Diagram for the Project

You have to make the connections according to the circuit diagram given above. Attach the 5-volt pin of the Arduino with the VCC of the PIR motion sensor and the relay module. Connect the GND pin of the Arduino with the GND of the PIR sensor and the relay module. Join the OUT pin of the PIR sensor with the digital-2 pin of the Arduino. Connect the DATA pin of the relay module with the digital-10 pin of the Arduino. On the other side of the relay module make the connections with the AC load and bulb as shown in the diagram. Connect the positive leg of the LED with the digital-9 pin of the Arduino and the negative leg with the GND of the Arduino through a 220-ohm resistor. You can use a breadboard for making the common connections. Now, upload the code and your security system is ready to use.

Code for the Project

NOTE: Please upload the code which is given below to the Arduino as it is.

 // TECHATRONIC.COM  
 int val = 0 ;  
 void setup()  
 {  
 Serial.begin(9600);   // sensor buart rate  
 pinMode(2,INPUT);    // pir sensor output pin connected to D2  
 pinMode(9,OUTPUT);   // led pin  
 pinMode(10,OUTPUT);   // Relay PIN  
 digitalWrite(10,HIGH); // Relay Normaly OFF  
 }  
 void loop()   
 {  
 val = digitalRead(2); // pir sensor output pin connected  
 Serial.println(val); // see the value in serial monitor in Arduino IDE  
 delay(100);  
 if(val == 1 )  
 {  
 digitalWrite(9,HIGH);  // LED ON  
 digitalWrite(10,LOW);  // Relay ON   
 }  
 else  
 {  
 digitalWrite(9,LOW);  // LED OFF  
 digitalWrite(10,HIGH); // Relay OFF   
 }  
 }  

We hope that you can try to make this project on your own. If you are facing any difficulties and errors do inform us in the comments section below. View more Tutorials on Arduino and Raspberry Pi.

HAPPY LEARNING!